Historical information about Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was a Tuscan (Italian) physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and “the Father of Modern Science.” The motion of uniformly accelerated objects, taught in nearly all high school and introductory college physics courses, was studied by Galileo as the subject of kinematics. His contributions to observational astronomy include the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, named the Galilean moons in his honour, and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, improving compass design.

Galileo's championing of Copernicanism was controversial within his lifetime. The geocentric view had been dominant since the time of Aristotle, and the controversy engendered by Galileo's opposition to this view resulted in the Catholic Church's prohibiting the advocacy of heliocentrism as potentially factual, because that theory had no decisive proof and was contrary to the literal meaning of Scripture. Galileo was eventually forced to recant his heliocentrism and spent the last years of his life under house arrest on orders of the Inquisition.

 

 

The project

The scenario of the game has been discussed and introduced. At a class in Mechanics we teach the cause of movements which is the force. So we make a brief reference to the 3 main theories of classic mechanics (Aristotle, Galileo, and Newton) and their differences. The game explains the differences between the movement theories of Aristotle and Galileo. It’s a 3D adventure game, based on true events, about Galileo’s life, his theory of movement, his opposition at Aristotle’s theory who was standing for almost 2000 years and the impact and consequences of his theory in his era and to science, which the students learn while exploring and interacting with the game characters.

This learning experience fits into the broader curriculum context of the classes involved by letting the students explore and discover the school lessons themselves in a way close to their interests and hobbies instead of just having them hear the same teaching in the classic way. Galileo was an intriguing man that laid the foundations of Mechanics but also had an amazing and sensational life that drove him from nearly being a monk to University Professor and from noble to prisoner.

So at the scenario is mentioned that at early 1600’s Pope Urban H assigns the Philosopher Thomas Campanela to check the prisoner for his beliefs Galileo about his theories. In his search he finds books, talks with people etc so that the game’s user discovers the basic theories of Galileo and Aristotle. At the end he goes at Piza where he curries out the classic experiment (it is accounted as one of the 10 better experiments in Science) at which the heavy and the light body fall together.

The students play the role of Campanela who at the first part of the game studies at the Inquisition’s library the books describing Aristotle’s theory. At the second part he wanders in Piza square, where he meets ordinary and known people who explain to him the life, discoveries, theories etc of Galileo. At third part he goes at Galileo’s home where he finds his books which he studies and compares with those of Aristotle. Finally he goes at the tower to carry out the experiment.

"The Trial of Galileo", Painting by Cristiano Banti (1857)

 

 

Windows

The minimum system requirements for this Game are:

Pentium® II 450 MHz or AMD K6 450 MHz
128 MB RAM
Windows 98/ME/2000SP2/XP
1.2 GB hard drive space
16 MB TNT2-class OpenGL 1.2 compliant video card
CD ROM or CD/DVD ROM Drive: 8X
DirectX® certified sound card
Multiplayer: IPX or TCP/IP via LAN or Internet
Multiplayer via Modem: 56k (2 players max)
An original copy
of Neverwinter Nights Platinum Edition videogame installed

 

Macintosh

The minimum system requirements for this Game are:

450MHz G4 or faster processor
256 MB RAM
Mac OS X version 10.2.6 or higher
2.1 GB hard drive space
32 MB or higher video card
Multiplayer: TCP/IP via LAN or Internet
An original copy
of Neverwinter Nights Platinum Edition videogame installed

Type of Game

Title: The Galileo Galilei Senarium
Typology:
Didactic Game
About:
Physics, cause of movements - Aristotle, Galileo, and Newton Theories
What students can learn:
At a class in Mechanics we teach the cause of movements which is the force. So we make a brief reference to the 3 main theories of classic mechanics (Aristotle, Galileo, and Newton) and their differences. The game explains the differences between the movement theories of Aristotle and Galileo.

Game's Author Informations

Name: Giorgos Kontellis
Institution:
submitted by University of Patras, Department of Computer Engineering and Informatics, Graphics, Multimedia and GIS Lab (Patras)
Country:
Greece - Patra
Contact:
Mail